Lesson 4   Navigation Within a Web Site




Let's Get Moving!

       In this lesson you will learn different ways to move around within a Web site using the scroll bar, up and down arrow keys, page up and down keys, etc. You will also learn about hyperlinks and see how information is organized within a web site.

       Return to the PBS Online web site (http://www.pbs.org) for all of the exercises on this page.

Practice Exercise 1: Moving Up and Down the Page

       In many cases, web pages are longer than what appears on your screen. In order to see the entire web page, you will need to move up and down the page using the following techniques:

  1. Find the Scroll Bar on the right side of the screen. Slowly scroll down through the web page using the scroll bar, then scroll back up to the top of the page. This can be done by clicking and dragging the "elevator" in the scroll bar up and down.
  2. Or, scroll through the page by using the Page Up and Page Down keys just to the left of the numeric pad. You can also use the up and down Arrow Keys to scroll through the page (one line at a time). Using the Shift key also works to work your way down a page.
  3. For a PC - "In an instant, you can travel to the very end of a Web page by pressing Ctrl-End (or just End for IE). Once you're at the end of the page, press Ctrl-Home (or just Home for IE) to beam yourself back up to the top. This will work from anywhere in the page." (TipWorld, 10/15/98)

Practice Exercise 2: Hyperlinks

       It is important to remember that a web site (such as PBS Online) may contain many web pages, just like a book has many pages. To get from one page to another in a web site, you will need to click on the hyperlinks found on the pages. Hyperlinks come in many forms (graphics, underlined text, non-underlined text, buttons, etc.) as you will see in the following exercise. Keep in mind that sometimes the links will take you to web pages within the web site, and sometimes they will take you to a completely different web site. In the following exercise, all of the links take you to web pages within the PBS Online web site.

  1. The PBS Online site (http://www.pbs.org) should still be open in a second browser window.
  2. Using the mouse, slowly move the pointer over some of the graphics (pictures) on the page. Notice how the pointer changes to a hand. This indicates that the graphics are linked to some other web page (or some other place on this web page). This is called a hyperlink (however, don't click anything yet). Note that the address (URL) for the link appears in the status bar below. This is one way of determining where the link will take you.
  3. Now move the pointer over the underlined, yellow words on the right, and the green buttons below the title. Notice again how the pointer changes to a hand over these hypertext links and that the address appears in the status bar. Again, this means that they are linked to something else. (Note that the color of hypertext links is most often blue, however, this varies from site to site depending on how it was designed.)
  4. Click on one of these hypertext links and notice that you have moved to a different web page (in this case, within the PBS Online web site).
  5. To return to the original page (the PBS Online home page), click on the Back button in the tool bar.

    Note that the appearance of the toolbar buttons varies from browser to browser.
    NS 3.X NS 4.X IE

Assignment BB4 - Navigation
        Return to the green hyperlinks underneath the title and click on the History button. You will be at the screen titled History's Best on PBS. Scroll down to see the entire page and then click on the American History link. Once you are on the new page, scroll down through the page and then move your cursor around the page to find the different hyperlinks. Select one of the hypertext links for a topic in which you are interested. Read through the information using the different methods to move on the page.

Next: Lesson 5 - Using Navigation Tools
Previous: Lesson 3 - Locating a Web Site

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